History of Shilla

Shilla (57 BC-935 AD) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, and the longest sustaining dynasty in Asian history.

According to Korean records, Shilla was founded by King Park Hyeokgeose. Hyeokgeose is said to have been hatched from an egg laid from a white horse, and when he turned 13, six clans submitted to him as king and establishedsaro (or Seona). He is also the progenitor of the ‘Park’ clan, now oneof the most common family names in Korea.

The Shilla Kingdom period marked the start of Korea’s cultural development. Buddhism expanded and furled the construction of numerous temples and art works such as famouse ‘Bulguksa’ (Temple) which is classified as Historic and Scenic Site No.1 by the South Korean goverment.

A great number of remains from the Shilla period can still be found all over Gyeongju, the capital of Shilla. The historic area around Gyeongju was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2000.

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